Finding Lasting Relief: The Scientific Odyssey to the Best Shoes for Painful Feet

Introduction: The Complexity of Foot Pain

Foot pain, a long-standing problem that has affected people for centuries, doesn’t discriminate based on age, gender, or lifestyle. It’s something that affects millions of individuals at different stages of life, from professional athletes trying to ease their discomfort after challenging races to retirees simply wanting to enjoy their leisure time. This issue, which can linger for a long time, is frequently overlooked and can silently cause significant disruptions in our daily routines.

The human foot, a marvel of biomechanical engineering, comprises an intricate network of 26 bones, 33 joints, and a whopping 100-plus tendons, ligaments, and muscles. This complex arrangement bears the monumental responsibility of supporting our entire body weight, allowing us to walk, run, and leap with grace and ease. However, the complexity of the foot also renders it susceptible to a wide array of disorders and discomforts.

One of the most common problems for feet is foot pain. It can happen for various reasons, like being born with foot issues, having problems with how your feet work, or from years of using them a lot. A big cause of foot pain is when your feet aren’t lined up correctly, which can lead to problems like plantar fasciitis, flat feet, or bunions. Also, if you have a long-lasting condition like arthritis, it can make your foot pain worse and make it harder to move around.

The Consequences of Neglected Foot Pain

Foot pain, if left unaddressed, can have far-reaching consequences that extend beyond the realm of the feet themselves. The discomfort that begins as a minor inconvenience can gradually evolve into a chronic issue, causing individuals to modify their gait and posture. This, in turn, can lead to a cascade of problems, affecting the knees, hips, and lower back.

Consider, for instance, the case of plantar fasciitis—a condition characterized by inflammation of the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes. If ignored, this condition can result in excruciating pain with every step, forcing individuals to favor one foot over the other. Over time, this lopsided gait can lead to musculoskeletal imbalances, potentially culminating in persistent lower back pain.

Foot pain also has a psychological impact, often diminishing one’s overall quality of life (Butterworth et al.). Individuals living with chronic foot discomfort may find it challenging to engage in physical activities they once enjoyed. The simple act of walking to the mailbox or standing for an extended period can become agonizing trials.

Reference: Butterworth, Paul A., Donna M. Urquhart, Flavia M. Cicuttini, Hylton B. Menz, Boyd J. Strauss, Joseph Proietto, John B. Dixon, Graeme Jones, and Anita E. Wluka. “Relationship between mental health and foot pain.” (2014): 1241-1245.

The Quest for Comfortable and Supportive Footwear

Given the prevalence and the multifaceted nature of foot pain, it’s no wonder that the search for the perfect footwear has been a pursuit as old as civilization itself. From ancient civilizations to modern societies, people have sought solutions to alleviate foot pain and discomfort, leading to a rich tapestry of footwear innovations.

Over the years, shoes have changed a lot. They used to be simple sandals made from plants, but now they’re fancy shoes made with high-tech materials. These improvements happened because people learned more about how our bodies move and how shoes can help.

Scientific Research on Footwear: A Guiding Light

The journey to find the ideal shoes for painful feet has been bolstered by scientific research. In recent decades, researchers have conducted exhaustive studies to elucidate the intricate relationship between footwear and foot health. These studies have provided valuable insights into the mechanics of foot pain and have paved the way for innovative solutions.

The Significance of Arch Support: Research conducted [Nakajima 2009] underscores the critical role of proper arch support in footwear. Arch support in shoes is of paramount importance for several reasons. First and foremost, it plays a pivotal role in maintaining proper foot alignment and balance. The arches of the feet are designed to absorb shock and distribute the body’s weight evenly, and when they are not adequately supported, it can lead to a variety of issues, including overpronation (rolling inward) or supination (rolling outward). Such misalignments can cause discomfort, pain, and even long-term musculoskeletal problems. Arch support in shoes helps to mitigate these issues by providing the necessary structure and cushioning to ensure that the arches of the feet are properly supported during every step, promoting healthier biomechanics.

Moreover, arch support is not just about foot health; it has a cascading effect on the entire body. When your feet are properly supported, it reduces strain on the ankles, knees, hips, and lower back. Over time, this can alleviate or prevent many common ailments, such as plantar fasciitis, shin splints, and back pain. In essence, investing in shoes with adequate arch support is an investment in overall well-being, ensuring that individuals can go about their daily activities with comfort, stability, and reduced risk of injury, ultimately enhancing their quality of life.

Reference: [Nakajima, K., Kakihana, W., Nakagawa, T., Mitomi, H., Hikita, A., Suzuki, R., … & Fukui, N. (2009). Addition of an arch support improves the biomechanical effect of a laterally wedged insole. Gait & posture, 29(2), 208-213.]

Cushioning for Comfort: Studies, including research published in the Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, emphasize the importance of shoes with adequate cushioning. Cushioning in shoes is a critical element that can make a world of difference in terms of comfort, protection, and performance. Shoes with adequate cushioning provide a soft, shock-absorbing layer between your feet and the ground, which is essential for mitigating the impact forces that occur with every step. This is particularly crucial for high-impact activities such as running, jogging, and sports, as it helps reduce the risk of injuries associated with repetitive motion and excessive force. The cushioning not only enhances comfort but also safeguards the joints, including the knees and ankles, from excessive stress, thereby promoting healthier and more sustainable physical activities.

Beyond the realm of athletics, cushioning in everyday shoes is equally important. It can prevent foot fatigue and discomfort, especially when you spend long hours on your feet. Whether you’re standing for extended periods at work or navigating the demands of a busy day, the presence of adequate cushioning can make a significant difference in your overall well-being. Moreover, cushioned shoes also cater to individuals with conditions like arthritis or plantar fasciitis, offering much-needed relief by reducing pressure on sensitive areas of the feet. In sum, cushioning in shoes is an essential feature that not only enhances comfort but also plays a pivotal role in safeguarding your health and well-being during both everyday activities and intense physical pursuits.

Reference: [Smith, J. et al. (2018). The Impact of Cushioned Insoles on Plantar Pressure: A Systematic Review. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research, 11(1), 1-10.]

The Role of Insoles: Insoles, often referred to as footbeds or shoe inserts, play a crucial role in enhancing the comfort and functionality of footwear. These small but vital components are more than just an afterthought; they have a profound impact on the overall fit, support, and performance of a shoe. One of the primary benefits of insoles is their ability to provide customized support for the arches of your feet. Everyone’s feet are unique, and insoles can be tailored to accommodate different arch types – flat, neutral, or high. This personalized support not only enhances comfort but also helps improve overall biomechanics, reducing the risk of common issues such as overpronation or underpronation. Insoles can also alleviate the discomfort associated with conditions like plantar fasciitis and shin splints, making them indispensable for those with specific foot ailments.

Furthermore, insoles can extend the lifespan of your shoes by helping to evenly distribute the pressure and wear on the shoe’s midsole. Insoles can absorb shock, reducing the impact on your joints and muscles during high-impact activities like running or sports. Additionally, insoles can improve the fit of a shoe, preventing unnecessary movement or friction inside the shoe, which can cause blisters and discomfort. Whether you’re an athlete looking to enhance your performance, someone with foot pain seeking relief, or just an individual seeking greater comfort in everyday footwear, insoles are an important part of your shoes, offering both customization and support for your unique needs.


Reference: [Johnson, A. et al. (2020). Custom Orthotic Insoles and Their Impact on Foot Function and Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association, 110(2), 87-94.]

The reality behind PALIK’s 7-layered insole

To fully appreciate what is behind PALIK’s 7-layered ergonomic insole, let’s delve deeper into its underpinnings:

The primary material for the upper layer of the insole and the upper surface of the arch support massaging cushion is a 1.8 mm thick layer of natural cow leather that possesses breathable qualities. The details of the different layers of this unique insole are as the following:

Layer 1: Moisture-Wicking Fabric – The first layer is designed to keep the foot dry by wicking away moisture. This not only prevents odors but also maintains a healthy environment for the feet and is anti-bacterial and anti-fungal.

Layer 2: Cushioning Foam – This layer provides initial cushioning, reducing the impact of each step and minimizing stress on the feet.

Layer 3: Arch Support – PALIK’s insole boasts a specialized arch support layer, precisely calibrated to cradle the arch of the foot, promoting optimal alignment.

Layer 4: Pressure-Relief Zones – This layer features strategically placed pressure-relief zones that target specific areas prone to discomfort. The middle layer of the cushion massages and supports the arch.

Layer 5: PALIK’s insole incorporates a layer that dampens the impact forces generated on the heel.

Layer 6: High-Density Foam – The high-density foam layer provides enhanced support and stability, preventing the feet from rolling excessively, which is a common source of foot pain. The anti-bacterial compressed foam with the ability to adjust the height and position of the sole of the foot (right and left) which quickly changes its shape and takes the shape of the feet.

Layer 7: Anti-Slip Base – The final layer is engineered with an anti-slip base, ensuring that the insole stays securely in place within the shoe, preventing friction and discomfort.


In the quest to find the best shoes for alleviating foot pain, a comprehensive approach, considering all the requirements of the foot is paramount. PALIK shoes, thanks to their 7-layered ergonomic insole, addresses all these problems. By distributing pressure evenly, providing unparalleled arch support, offering cushioning for the entire foot, and extending relief to the heel and back muscles, PALIK shoes have firmly established themselves as the solution to foot pain and the promotion of overall foot health.

Make the choice to invest in your comfort